Gauhati High Court (237 Words) | Short Essay Gauhati High Court

Gauhati High Court

The ‘Gauhati High Court’ today emerged from the High Court of Assam. The High Court of Assam was established with effect from 5th April 1948. The Assam High Court initially had its sittings at Shillong but shifted to Gauhati on 14th August 1948. Later on, the Assam High Court came to be known as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland. On re-organization of the North-Eastern region, a common High Court was established for the five North-Eastern States Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura, and the two Union Territories, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh and called the Gauhati High Court. By the State of Mizoram Act, 1986, the common High Court for the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, and Mizoram called the High Court of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, and Mizoram came into being. Later a common High Court for the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh came into being.

The Gauhati High Court occupied the unique position of being a common High Court of seven States of North East India, till 23.03.2013, the date of functioning of separate High Courts in Meghalaya, Manipur, and Tripura. The Principal Seat of the Gauhati High Court is at Guwahati. Apart from the Principal Seat, the High Court has 3 outlying Benches, viz, Kohima Bench, Aizawl Bench, and Itanagar Bench. Sir R.F. Lodge was the first Chief Justice of the Assam High Court.