Gothic Architecture Vs. Egyptian Architecture
Gothic Architecture Vs. Egyptian Architecture The sediment richens the soil year after year by the Nile that floods the valley and rises twenty to thirty feet high. African villagers expect seasonal rains; the precipitation determines the productivity of the crop. The valley cut by this dominating river is also where one of the greatest Neolithic civilizations grew. The originals were of mixed races but all derived from the white races.
By 4000 B.C. these egger people started using copper and gold, developing a standard way of living. They made tools to their own needs and began building and started to include architectural art full of decorous curves and lines. The early Egyptians made their homes out of river reeds and river mud.
They produced round homes or rectangular homes with arched rooftops. Primarily the huts were used to keep from the harsh, warm temperatures. During this time period of reed homes, adobe bricks were being made which led to a crucial innovation in Egyptian homes and architecture. The art and skill that was carved, painted, and designed into religious temples and tombs gave later researchers of great talent information on Egyptian life. With architectural strides, religious gods and carvings were beginning a decorative architectural era.
Imhotep was an architect that designed the great pyramid and temple of King Zoser in the third dynasty. He was precise and eloquent with the use of stone that was not surpassed for centuries. The Egyptians honored many of their architects, who also became court officials, but Imhotep was credited for being the first great user of stone for monumental buildings. The old kingdom was built of river reeds and mud but later other kingdoms learned from the old designs. Later the middle kingdom saw a new light in utilizing stone form and the development of others.
Though it wasn’t until the new empire that great temples and large courts were. The new empire fell and the idea of a strong, continuous rise in Egyptian architecture had almost ceased. The Nile River determined the building materials of the Egyptians. As time progressed and architecture was beginning to have history, technical skills were developing as well as architectural skills. One major discovery was that slanted roofs were unnecessary for the hot, humid weather.
Flat roofs became the new invention and were multipurpose for more living space, which became an essential part of home design. Egyptians also tried to figure out a way walls could be sturdy and strong but less heavy and with fewer cracks. But the cracking would never fail so when the bricks were laid on concave beds, so when cracks did occur, but the wall was easily fixed. Another form of brick was used called the vault. Vaults were most often used in tombs and cover storage rooms but never did this principle become a way of the source.
Stone was later introduced, which came late in Egyptian architecture. There was more than enough stone, from the Nile cutting its way down the desert plateau. There was a surplus of stone to be used. They became expert quarrying diggers, cutting some of the best pieces of rock. Egyptians also developed different techniques for handling stones. With all this stone, labor power and organization were needed.
The king stepped forward for that position and gave orders to the laborers, whom all were working on one building at a time. The workers were treated fairly well with adequate pay. This is how the pyramids were built and stone architecture was the new generation of adobe brick and river reed huts. Gothic architecture is an example of how the intricate structural and decorative elements in buildings are tied together.
Like the Egyptians, the Gothic architecture uses the vault idea but is better understood. Early experiments failed and were left to explore other options but gothic architecture explains the answers. The question of different widths varied different heights; so gothic architecture uses the pointed arch and varying the steepness to gain the correct connections. Gothic architecture was more of a solution to building problems. It also was an expression of modern Europe. The economy was stable, trade and business were steady and cities were expanding and flourishing.
The Gothic era was an introduction to new houses and newborn towns. Thus people were being more intelligent, intelligent about decisions just like the Egyptians. The physical changes influenced people with mental guidance. The prosperity of physical changes increased the standard way of living and organization. The trade market area now was where the town hall was built.
The revolutionary architecture helped the religious ideas of Egyptians and for Gothic architecture, it meant the beginning of commerce. The Gothic architects built off the typical square buildings to the enhanced octagon shape. They still included the vault but not as just an over-the-entrance sloop, they used it so it touches the fool of the building.
Aside from flat roofs like the Egyptian’s cathedral ceilings were the hallmark of most Gothic architects. Thus, the great works of architects came out through wealthy, richen homes. Gothic architecture was more of a revolutionary aspect of architecture whereas Egyptian Architecture was a way of life. Gothic architecture was more of a revolution aspect in architecture where as Egyptian architecture was a way of life.