Short Biography of ‘Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman’ (C V Raman) (200 Words)

C V Raman

‘Sir C. V. Raman’ was born on 7 November 1888 at Thiruvanaikoil, Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province, India. His full name was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was the son of R. Chandrasekhara Iyer and Parvati Ammal (Saptarshi Parvati). His father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics at Presidency College in Madras. 

C. V. Raman passed his B.A. examination in 1904 in first place and won the gold medal in physics, and in 1907 he gained his M.A. degree with the highest distinctions.

Sir C. V. Raman was an Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. He was the first Indian scientist to be honoured with the prestigious Nobel Award in Physics in the year1930. 

His discovery ‘Raman effect’ or ‘Raman scattering’ is popularly known as an inelastic scattering of a photon.He was honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. He died on 21 November 1970 at the age of 82 at Bangalore. 

National Science Day is celebrated in India on February 28 each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928.