Khān Abdul Ghaffār Khān
‘Khān Abdul Ghaffār Khān’ was born on 6 February 1890 in Peshawar (now in Pakistan). His father, Bahram Khan, was a landowner.
At school, the young Ghaffar did well in his studies. He was an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He belonged to that part of India that was called the North West Frontier Province.
In 1919, when Gandhiji started his agitation against the Rowlatt Bill, Abdul Ghaffar joined it and went to British prison for six months. In 1921, Abdul Ghaffar started a national school at Utmanzal and toured the province to spread national feelings among the people. So he was arrested and sent to jail for three years.
In April 1930 Badshah Khan was arrested for his activities (luring the Civil Disobedience Movement). Afterward, he was arrested many a time for giving speeches, or for participating in Congress movements, like the ‘Quit India’ Movement of 1942, etc.
Khān Abdul Ghaffār Khān was known in his native North-West Frontier as ‘Badshah Khan’, and to millions in undivided India as the ‘Frontier Gandhi’. He strongly opposed the partition of India. In 1987, he was awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’, He passed away on 20 January 1988. He will always be remembered for his non-violent resistance to the British’s away over the country and as a devout follower of the great Mahatma Gandhi.