Madan Mohan Malviya
‘Madan Mohan Malviya’ was born on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad. His grandfather Pt Premdhar and father Pt Baijnath were Sanskrit scholars. His father, Pt Baijnath, was also an excellent Kathavachak (narrator of the stories from Bhagawat). Madan Mohan was married in 1878 to Kumari Devi of Mirzapur.
Madan Mohan’s education began at the age of five. He was a diligent boy. He matriculated in 1879 and joined Muir Central College and graduated from Calcutta University in 1884. He wished to devote himself entirely to the service of the nation. Though he studied law and passed the LL.B. examination in 1891 yet he was not interested in the legal profession. He was given the title of ‘Mahamana’. He is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi.
Madan Mohan Malviya was a great Scholar, educationist, man of action, and a leader of the tile national liberational movement. He became popular for his outspoken views about media as a subject of the British, the abject poverty of the masses, and the indifference of the British towards them. He was duly appointed a member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. On account of his services to Congress, he was elected its President in 1909,1918,1932, and 1933.
Madan Mohan Malviya was a strong supporter of Congress. He founded the Hindu Mahasabha in 1906. He became a High Court Vakil in 1893. He always preferred public work over his legal work. He started many daily, weekly, and monthly newspapers and magazines. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.
Madan Mohan Malviya was a conservative in social matters. He believed in the ‘Vamashrama Dharma ‘ (caste system). He was known for his gentleness and humility. It will be true to say that he considered responsive cooperation a better policy than civil disobedience. He died on November 12, 1946, at the age of 85. He was posthumously conferred with Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, on 24 December 2014, a day before his 153rd Birth Anniversary. Madan Mohan Malviya occupied a very high position in Indian public life and his public activities were numerous.