Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia
‘Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia’ was born on March 23, 1910, in a village named Akbarpur in the District of Ambedkar Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. His father, Hira Lal, was a nationalist by the spirit and a teacher by profession. His mother, Chanda, died when Ram Manohar was very young.
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia attended Banaras Hindu University to complete his intermediate coursework after standing first in his school’s matric examinations. In 1929, Lohia completed his B.A. from Calcutta University. He decided to attend Berlin University, Germany over all prestigious educational institutes in Britain to convey his dim view of British philosophy. He soon learned German and received financial assistance based on his outstanding academic performance.
Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia was a socialist political leader, a great thinker as well as a noted freedom fighter in India. He was introduced to the Indian freedom struggle at an early age. He made his first contribution to the freedom struggle by organizing a small ‘hartal’ on the death of Lokmanya Tilak. He was so impressed by Gandhiji’s spiritual power and radiant self-control that he pledged to follow in the Mahatma’s footsteps. He met Jawaharlal Nehru in 1921. Over the years they developed a close friendship. Lohia was attracted to socialism and helped lay the foundation of the Congress Socialist Party, founded in 1934.
He died on 12 October 1967 at the age of 57 in New Delhi, India.