‘Wildlife’ is a term that refers to animals that are not normally domesticated. They are a living resource that will die and be replaced by others of their kind. Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the environment and provides stability to different natural processes of nature. It can be found in all ecosystems, deserts, rainforests, plains, and other areas. India’s wildlife is both rich and varied, it includes all flora and fauna, animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Wildlife is important for its beauty, economic, scientific, and survival value. It helps to maintain the ecological balance of nature and maintains the food chain. It provides useful substances and wild animal products like ivory, leather, honey, tusk, etc. Besides being a country’s cultural asset it also provides aesthetic value to man. We largely depend on wildlife for every elementary requirement in our life eg. the clothes we wear and the medicines we consume.
Wildlife conservation encompasses all human activities and efforts directed to preserve wild animals from extinction it involves both the protection and scientific management of wild species. Wildlife and nature have largely been associated which humans for numerous emotional and social reasons. Wildlife plays an essential role in the ecological and biological processes that are yet again significant to life. The normal functioning of the biosphere depends on endless interaction among animals, plants, and microorganisms. Wildlife has occupied a special place of veneration and preservation in various cultures of the world.