Essay on Rani Laxmi Bai (the Queen of Jhansi)


Rani Virangana Lakshmibai of Jhansi, who made Indian Vasundhara proud, was the ideal heroine in the real sense. The true hero is never afraid of objections. Temptations cannot dissuade him from performing his duties. He aims to be generous and high. His character is exemplary. He is always confident, dutiful, self-respecting, and devout to achieve his sacred purpose. Veerangana Lakshmibai was like this.


Maharani Laxmibai was born on 19 November 1835 in Kashi. His father Moropant Tambe was a dependent of Chikanaji Appa. His mother’s name was Bhagirathi Bai. Peshwa was also pleased with Moropant because of Maharani’s grandfather, Balwant Rao, as a general in Bajirao Peshwa’s army. Lakshmibai was known as Manubai in her childhood.

marriage :

Here in 1838 Gangadhar Rao was declared the king of Jhansi. He was a widower. In 1850, he was married to Mumbai. In 1851, he received the son Ratna. A wave of joy flowed in every corner of Jhansi, but the child died after four months.

All Jhansi were immersed in the sea of ​​mourning. Raja Gangadhar Rao was so deeply shocked that he could not recover again and died on 21 November 1853. Although the death of the Maharaja was unbearable for the Queen, yet she did not panic, she did not lose her conscience. Raja Gangadhar Rao, during his lifetime, gave information to the English government considering his family’s son Damodar Rao as an adopted son. But the government of the East India Company rejected the adopted son.

Fight with the British Government

On 27 February 1854, Lord Dalhousie rejected the adoption of adopted son Damodar Rao under the policy of adoption and announced the merger of Jhansi into the English state. On receiving the information of the Political Agent, the sentence sprang from the mouth of the queen, ‘I will not give my Jhansi‘. On 7 March 1854, Jhansi was conquered by the British. The Rani of Jhansi declined the pension and started living in the palace of the city.

It was from here that the seeds of India’s first independence revolution sprang up. The Nawabs and Raja-kings of northern India were disgruntled by the policy of the British state of Lipsa and the fire of rebellion erupted in all. Rani Lakshmibai considered it as Swarnavasar and made the flame of revolution more light and planned to revolt against the British.

Nawab Wajid Ali Shah’s Begum Hazrat Mahal, the last Mughal Emperor’s Begum Zeenat Mahal, the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah himself, Najib Sahib’s lawyer Azimullah Raja of Shahgarh, Raja Mardansingh of Vanpur and Tatya Tope, all the nobles, etc. tried to cooperate in this task. started doing.


The flame of rebellion erupted in the people of India. May 31, 1857, the date for implementing the revolution was organized in a well organized and strong manner all over the country, but before that the flame of the revolution was ignited and on 7 May 1857 in Meerut and on 4 June 1857 in Kanpur, there was a fierce revolt. . Kanpur then became fully independent on 28 June 1857. The English commander, Sir Huroz, organized his army and tried to suppress the rebellion.

They captured Sagar, Garhkota, Shahgarh, Madanpur, Madkheda, Vanpur, and Talbehat and committed brutal atrocities. Then made his move towards Jhansi and placed his front in the middle of East and South in the plain of Camasan hill.

Laxmibai was already cautious and the information of this war and her arrival had been received from King Mardan Singh of Vanpur. The historic war of Jhansi began on 23 March 1858. According to the orders of the queen of Jhansi, the skilled gunner Ghulam Gaus Khan threw the shells by aiming at the cannons that in the first time the English army missed sixes.

Rani Laxmibai bravely defended Jhansi for seven days and bravely fought the British with her small armed force. The queen openly faced the enemy and showed her valor in battle.

She single-handedly kept Damodar Rao behind her back and rode on a horse, fighting with the British. For a long time, the order of the war was impossible to run in this way. The queen departed Kalpi, following the request of the chiefs. She did not sit there and calm down.

He contacted and discussed with Nana Saheb and his worthy commander Tatya Tope. The queen’s valor and courage were ironed, but she followed the queen. Rani’s horse was badly injured and Veeragati was finally received, but the queen did not give up the courage and performed the valor.

In Kalpi, Maharani and Tatya Tope made plans and in the end, Nana Saheb, King of Shahgarh, King Mardansingh of Vanpur, etc. all supported the queen. The queen attacked Gwalior and took possession of the fort there. The celebration of Vijayollas lasted for several days but the queen was against it. This was not the time for Vijay, to consolidate his power and take the next step.


The commander, Sir Huroz, followed the queen with full force with his army, and finally, the day came when he fought the fort of Gwalior and took possession of it. Rani Lakshmibai continued to show her skill in this war as well. The final battle of Gwalior took place on 18 June 1858 and the queen led her army efficiently. She was injured and eventually received Virgati. Rani Lakshmibai gave consciousness to Janata Janardhana by giving the final sacrifice of her life in the freedom war and gave the message of sacrifice for freedom.