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English Grammar

The English Sentence

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What is English Sentence explain with example?

A sentence is a group of words which makes a complete sense.

Example:

  1. Birds fly in the air.
  2. Read this lesson carefully.
  3. What is your name?

A sentence has been two main parts – the subject and the predicate. The subjects must contain a noun or a pronoun, and the predicate must contain a verb.

  • Example of the subject – The boy, The sun, He
  • Example of Predicate – is playing now, rises in the east, leaves for Bombay.

usually, a sentence consists of the following words in a certain order to make it meaningful.

Doctor or actor of the sentence is called the subject eg He, She, It, Ram the ship etc. a subject may be classified as-

  • First Person – One who speaks- I, We.
  • Second Person – One who listens – you, all of you.
  • Third Person – The person spoken about is called the third person. -He, She, It, The boy, The sun.

The above said person may be either in singular number or in plural number. the table shows the person singular and plural wise.

PersonSingular No.Plural No.
1st person IWe
2nd personYouYou, You all, All of you
3rd personHe, she, It, Ram, The Bus, The Sun, The girl, The Child, The Doctor. They, Ram and Shyam, Dogs, Cows, The ship and the plane.

The Verb :

The word that denotes action which is done by the subject in the sentence, It called the verb. the verb has two major parts:

  1. Main Verb : It is found in the following forms :
  • present – go
  • past – went
  • past participle – gone
  • present participle – going

2. Auxiliary Verb: am, is, are, was, were, have, has had, do, does did, shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might, must, ought, need, dare, used to.

The Object:

It is a noun or pronoun which tells us the person or thing to whom the action of the verb happened.

Example : He sells bicycles.

Kinds of sentence

  1. Assertive Sentence:
    1. affirmative sentence
    2. negative sentence
  2. Interrogative Sentence
  3. Imperative Sentence
  4. Exclamtory sentence
  5. Operative Sentence

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